Philosophical Foundations of TRIZ
TRIZ has several philosophical roots.
Thinking in contradictions, in categories of processes and development and
dialectics point to the heritage of western philosophy in the tradition of
Kant, Hegel and Marx.
Due to the roots of the majority of TRIZoviks in the former Soviet union one
has to take into account the special circumstances of life and thinking.
The first one was addressed by Slava
Gerovich as the impossibility publicly to
discuss social contradictions thus strongly restricting the notion of
creativity and inventiveness to problems rooted in technology.
The second one is nevertheless a philosophical heritage developing after
Stalin’s death particularly in Moscow around the Moscow Methodological
Circle that is claimed by several sources a quite influential not only for
peple working in TRIZ but also in a wider
range of the postsoviet Russian
Roots in Hegel, Marx and Dialectics
- Justus Schollmeyer (2019). Wie kam TRIZ zur Dialektik? (How did TRIZ come to
dialectics?). Presentation at HAW Hamburg, 01.02.2019.
- Justus Schollmeyer (2016). Auf dem Weg zu einer Theorie der Innovation.
TRIZ als eine Anwendung von Hegels Logik im Ingenieurbereich. (Towards a
theory of innovation. TRIZ as an application of Hegel’s logic in
engineering). Presentation given at a seminar in Leipzig on 01.07.2016.
- More on the work of Justus
The Moscow Methodological Circle (MMK). A Bird’s Eye.
The ideas of the Russian philosopher Georgy Shchedrovitsky, who founded the
“Moscow Methodological Circle” gained traction in the late 1950s and had
resonance through Khrushchev’s thaw, Brezhnev’s stagnation, and Gorbachev’s
perestroika—right up until his death in 1994.
Shchedrovitsky essentially viewed human beings as machines that must be
programed to perform certain functions—essentially, the theory of “social
engineering.” The literary scholar Ilya Kukulin has found some similarities
between Shchedrovitsky’s philosophy and the works of Soviet-era science
fiction writers Arkady and Boris Strugatsky: most of their novels feature a
“progressor,” a man who finds himself in the past or on a backward planet
and eventually changes the world around him.
In effect, Shchedrovitsky and his followers were themselves progressors.
They made no secret of their intent to influence government decisions, and
it’s quite possible that Shchedrovitsky’s followers played a role in
perestroika in the 1980s, since thousands of people had been exposed to his
philosophy by this time.
Quoted from https://carnegie.ru/commentary/65015
The idea “A man who finds himself in the past or on a backward planet and
eventually changes the world around him” is one of the core ideas of the TRIZ
subtheory TRTL (theory of the development of a creative personality) that
builds up a quite special mixture of anarcho-communistic, libertarian and
neoliberal ideas, but has also links to the notion of Concrete Utopia by
Links to material about and from the MMK and its follow-ups
- Георгий Петрович Щедровицкий
- He became involved in the Moscow Methodological Circle set up by Alexander
Zinoviev. In 1954, Shchedrovitsky took over leadership of the circle and
played a prominent role in developing activity theory. Here the world was
not seen as composed of human subjects and objects as in naturalistic
theory. Rather objects are secondary constructs whose nature depends on
the activity applied to them.
- The MMC has had a lasting impact on Russian systems thinking particularly
through the Methodological School of Management
- The dance of horses. Film about the life of G.P. (in Russian)
- “The organization of thought and practice changes from a scientific form
of organization to a methodological form of organization. Just as the
scientific form was strongly dominant in the last 300 years, the
methodological form will be strongly dominant in the future.”
- “Today we have to divide the world into the world of thinking and the
naturalistic world, whereby the world of thinking is primary and the
naturalistic world is nothing but a construction of the naturalists.”
- О философии Г.П. Щедровицкого беседуют Искандер Валитов и Павел Фокин
(Iskander Valitov and Pavel Fokin talking about the philosophy of G.P.
- Each year at Febr 23, the birthday of G.P., there is a reading in Moscow
in memory of G.P., organized by the G.P. Fonds.
Ludmila Golubkova has published a summary of this event.
- Петр Георгиевич Щедровицкий - the son
- Dmitri Bakhturin (2020): Не-ТРИЗ версии системных представлений (Non-TRIZ
versions of system notions)
- N.I. Kuznecova (2015). Два проекта методологии: Г.П. Щедровицкий и
М.А. Розов (Two methodology projects: G.P. Shchedrovitsky and M.A. Rozov)
- V. Matskevitch (2006). Systemic-Thought-Action Methodology. From the MMK
- Egle Rindzevičiūtė (2015). The future as an intellectual technology in the
Soviet Union. From Centralised Planning to Reflexive Management.
- G.P. Shchedrovitsky (1968). Project on Researching Pedagogy. Methodological
Analysis. An Extract. http://v2.circleplus.ru/archive/ing/4/text
- P.G. Shchedrovitsky jr. (1987). Деятельностно-природная система